FMEA (Failure Modes and Effects Analysis) Template

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What is FMEA (Failure Modes and Effects Analysis)?

Failure Modes & Effects Analysis (FMEA) is a risk management tool that identifies and quantifies the influence of potential failures in a process. FMEA analyzes potential failures using three criteria:

  1. Occurrence (failure cause and frequency)
  2. Severity (impact of the failure)
  3. Detection (likelihood of failure detection)

The three criteria are multiplied to calculate a Risk Priority Number for each potential failure before action is taken to improve the process and a new Risk Priority Number after the team implements improvements. The FMEA form is sometimes employed during the analysis phase of the A3 but most often in the proposed countermeasures phase. It is helpful for vetting countermeasures/improvements by having the team assess and determine acceptable levels of risk and the potential risk reduction effect of improvements.

This template provides:

  • Columns to outline potential failures
  • recommended actions to error proof or mitigate potential failures,
  • calculate pre- and post-improvement Risk Priority Numbers.

Download the FMEA (Failure Modes & Effects Analysis) template.