What Is The Leadership Practices Inventory® (LPI®)?

The Leadership Practices Inventory® Is a Highly Effective Assessment Tool

Based on The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership by best-selling authors and renowned leadership experts, Jim Kouzes and Barry Posner, the LPI® 360 helps to develop effective leaders through approach, assessment, practice and development.

The LPI® 360 involves a self-assessment where the leader records what they perceive as their behavioral frequency based on a 10-point likert scale. Observers are then asked to assess the leader based on the same 30 behavioral statements on the scale, assessing how often they see the leader perform each leadership behavior. Observers are categorized as

  • Manager
  • Direct Report
  • Co-Worker
  • or Other

Learn more about The Five Practices and and how they can provide you with a clear, evidence-based path to become the best leader you can be. Download a sample LPI 360 Individual feedback report today.

How the Leadership Practices Inventory® Was Created & Developed

Based on thousands of case studies and interviews where leaders were asked about their personal-best leadership experiences, the LPI® 360 helps people become more effective leaders through assessment, behavior awareness and deliberate practice.

The initial research led to the development of the LPI® 360 through a combination of qualitative and quantitative studies. The consistent themes from the research are now called The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership:

  1. Model The Way
  2. Inspire a Shared Vision
  3. Challenge the Process
  4. Enable Others to Act
  5. Encourage the Heart

Continuously Improving the Leadership Practices Inventory®

Jim Kouzes and Barry Posner, along with other researchers, consistently seek to confirm the validity and reliability of the LPI® 360 through its extensive applications. Results from around the world continue to confirm the framework of The Five Practices along with the behavioral statements.

Over three million people have used the LPI® 360 as a guiding light to reach their personal leadership best, demonstrating that leadership is a set of observable behaviors that can help everyone be more effective and make more of a positive difference.

The LPI® 360 includes 30 behavioral statements and up to five open-ended essay questions that the Observers respond to in reference to the leader they are assessing. If desired, the essay questions can be customized to map the LPI® 360 to:

  • Organizational mission statements
  • Values
  • Development goals
  • Personal aspirations

Easy To Understand Actionable Reports

The LPI® 360 offers three reporting options:

  1. Individual Feedback Reports
  2. Reassessment Reports
  3. Group Reports

The Individual Feedback Report is specific to the leader who completed the LPI® 360 and contains the leader’s self assessment data along with the feedback from his or her observers. The report provides an overview of the data along with a breakdown for each of The Five Practices, 30 behavioral statements, a percentile ranking comparing the leader to over 1.8 million respondents in the database as well as including responses for the open-ended essay questions.

The Reassessment Report compares the leader’s the initial assessment results with a follow-on assessment, usually taken 6 to 12 months later. This allows leaders to measure their progress, and to evaluate and adjust the details of their personal development efforts.

The Group Report presents the aggregate data of entire group (e.g., team, department or organization), and includes both self-assessment and observer results.

The Leadership Practices Inventory® – The first step towards excellent leadership

The LPI® 360 provides a wealth of insight on how leaders see themselves, what their colleagues and co-workers are experiencing, and enables a tangible and effective approach to creating an action plan for improvement.

The foundation on all of this being the belief that leadership is everyone’s business, and that by liberating the leader within each person you may best help them improve their effectiveness as well as improve your organizational capacity for growth. Through all of this, you gain insight into how your leaders are developing and how to best approach their development to align with your mission or vision statement, and ultimately your organizational goals.


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